International Journal of Environment and Climate Change 2019-10-22T11:53:12+00:00 International Journal of Environment and Climate Change Open Journal Systems <p style="text-align: justify;">A sustainable world is one in which human needs are met equitably without sacrificing the ability of future generations to meet their needs and without harm to the environment and ecosystem function and service. Meeting this formidable challenge requires a substantial effort under climate change impact, economic development and population growth. <strong>International Journal of Environment and Climate Change (ISSN:&nbsp;2581-8627)</strong> aims to publish original research articles, review articles and short communications. This is a quality controlled, double blind peer-reviewed, open access INTERNATIONAL journal. It has long been recognized that the long-term viability of natural capital is critical for many areas of human endeavour under climate change impact. The aims are to support engineering science research with the goal of promoting sustainable development with environmentally benign engineered systems that support human well-being and that are also compatible with sustaining natural (environmental) systems.</p> Climate Change and Man-made Interventions, as Destabilizing Factors of the Coastal Zone: Some Examples of Coasts and Coastal Wetlands in Urban, Peri-Urban Areas and Natural Parks in Greece 2019-10-19T06:21:35+00:00 Aristeidis Mertzanis Asimina Mertzani <p>The consequences of man-made interventions, Climate Change and future Sea-level rise upon some coastal plains of Greece are examined. Many urban, peri-urban areas and Natural Parks, in low elevation coastal zones in Greece are experiencing or are at risk of Sea-level rise, storm surges, water and soil pollution, saline water intrusion (salinity), coastal erosion and shoreline retreat, floods, and droughts. Sea-level rise&nbsp;could&nbsp;erode and inundate&nbsp;coastal&nbsp;ecosystems and disrupt wetlands, Urban and peri-Urban areas. Characteristic examples of these are the protected wetlands that exist in Greece such as those in the Delta and the river mouth areas of the Sperchios, Alfeios, Arachthos, Louros, and Inois rivers, and the small town of Tolo. Man-made interventions affect the coastal wetland ecosystems, Urban and peri-Urban areas under study. At the same time, an important factor of the destabilization of the ecological balance is the Climate Change and the expected sea-level rise. The main anthropogenic degradation and stresses on the under investigation areas, in recent decades, includes wetland draining, exsiccation of lagoons and lakes, river engineering works, dam construction, intensification and development of agriculture projects, sand mining from riverbeds and beaches, construction of motorways, construction of harbor structures, such as harbors, jetties, seawalls, groins, and breakwaters, rapid urbanization processes, holiday home building and tourist facilities, massive tourism and intense coastal development, water pollution, human-induced land subsidence (uncontrolled water abstraction from surface and underground water tables), and removal of coastal vegetation. Satellite images, maps and systematic in situ observations, integrated with the direct digitizing on the basis of different aged aerial photographs was adopted to estimate the coastal erosion and accretion rates in recent decades (1945-2019) in the areas, under study.</p> 2019-10-18T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Adaptation Approaches for Direct Seeded Rice to Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emission in the Perspective of Climate Change 2019-10-22T11:53:12+00:00 Suborna Roy Choudhury Anupam Das Veena Bharati Swaraj Kumar Dutta <p>A field experiment was conducted at research farm, Bihar Agricultural University, Sabour, India during 2017 and 2018 to gain insight crop phonology mediated greenhouse gas emission under different tillage and nitrogen management practices in direct seeded rice (DSR). The experiment was conducted in split plot design with two tillage viz. zero tillage (ZT) and conventional tillage (CT) as main plot and four nitrogen management practices viz. 100% nitrogen through neem coated urea (S<sub>1</sub>), SPAD based nitrogen management (S<sub>2</sub>), 75% through neem coated urea + 25% nitrogen through vermicompost, (S<sub>3</sub>) and ¼ nitrogen as basal and rest in equal three splits at 20, 40, 60 DAS (S<sub>4</sub>) as sub plot, in three replication. The highest yield (4.69 t ha<sup>-1</sup>), net return (Rs 46440 ha<sup>-1</sup>) and B:C ratio (1.44) were recorded from zero tilled DSR. Further, highest yield (4.82 t ha<sup>-1</sup>), net return (Rs 44880 ha<sup>-1</sup>) and B:C ratio (1.36) was obtained under split application of nitrogenous fertilizers among other subplot treatments. The range of methane (0.57- 1.47 mg m<sup>-2</sup> hr<sup>-1</sup>) carbon dioxide (0.32- 0.61 mg m<sup>-2</sup> hr<sup>-1</sup>)&nbsp; and nitrous oxide (19.58- 38.79 µg m<sup>-2</sup> hr<sup>-1</sup>) emission was recorded lowest in zero tilled plots and split application of nitrogenous fertilizer also emitted lowest values of 1.59 mg m<sup>-2</sup> hr<sup>-1 </sup>methane, 0.86 mg m<sup>-2</sup> hr<sup>-1 </sup>carbon dioxide and 46.76 µg m<sup>-2</sup> hr<sup>-1 </sup>nitrous oxide at maximum tillering stage of crop growth. Moreover, methane and nitrous oxide emission was gradually decreased from maximum tillering to harvesting stage. Zero tilled DSR with split nitrogen fertilizer application ascribed lowest greenhouse gas intensity among the other crop establishment and nitrogen management options. Thus, zero tilled method of crop establishment with split application of nitrogenous fertilizer could be a remunerative and environmentally stable method for direct seeded rice cultivation.</p> 2019-10-22T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##