Main Article Content
Millets being climate resilient crops with high nutritional value are far better than staple grains like wheat and rice. Being adaptable to wide range of agro ecological conditions, the nutricereals little millet can grow on low fertility dry lands meeting demands of exploding population and providing solution to agrarian and nutritional challenges the world is dealing with. Further, value addition could be a strategic intervention in popularization of underutilized small millets and transform the billions of people from nutrient insufficiency to nutrient adequacy. The present fast-paced era with increased nuclear families and changing eating habits due to rapid urbanisation and globalisation demands for development of ready to consume nutrient dense food. In addition, growing awareness regarding health benefits of millets demands for millet-based designer foods to meet diversified needs of consumers. In view of these aspects, a ready to reconstitute (RTR) little millet smoothie mix was developed and tested for its suitability to blend with fruit juices through sensory profiling. The nourishing little millet and fruit-based smoothies would be a healthy inclusion in one’s daily diet with a great market potential.
Sinha SK, Singh GB, Rai M. Decline in crop productivity in Haryana and Punjab: Myth or reality? Indian Council of Agricultural Research, New Delhi. 1998;89.
Khan SA, Kumar S, Hussain MZ, Kalr N. Climate change, climate variability and Indian agriculture: Impacts, vulnerability and adaptation strategies. In S.N. Singh (ed.) Climate Change and Crops, Environmental Science and Engineering, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg; 2009;19-38.
Ashfaq M, Shi Y, Tung WW, Trapp RJ, Gao X, Pal JS, Diffenbaugh NS. Suppression of south Asian summer monsoon precipitation in the 21st century. Geophysical Research Letters. 2009;36(1): 1-5.
DEFRA. Climate change scenarios for India. In Investigating the impacts of Climate Change in India, Department for environment food and rural affairs; 2007.
Padulosi S, Mal B, Ravi SB, Gowda J, Gowda KTK, Shanthakumar G, Yenagi N, Dutta M. Food security and climate change: Role of plant genetic resources of minor millets. Indian Journal of Plant Genetic Resources. 2009;22(1):1-16.
Madella M, Lancelotti C, Granero GJJ. Millet microremains - an alternative approach to understand cultivation and use of critical crops in prehistory. Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences. 2016;8(1):17-28.
Hiremath SC, Salimath SS, Patil GNV. Genome homology and origin of Panicum sumatrense (Gramineae). Cytologia. 1990;55(2):315-319.
Beta T, Issak C, Wrigley CW. Corke H, Seetharaman K, Faubion J. Grain production and consumption: Overview. Encyclopedia of food grains: The world of food grains (2nd Edition), Academic Press. 2015;1: 349-358.
Nirmalakumari A, Salini K, Veerabadhiran P. Morphological characterization and evaluation of little millet (Panicum sumatrense Roth. ex. Roem. and Schultz.) germplasm. Electronic Journal of Plant Breeding. 2010;1(2):148-155.
Johnson M, Deshpande S, Vetriventhan M, Upadhyaya HD, Wallace JG. Genome-wide population structure analyses of three minor millets: Kodo millet, little millet and proso millet. The Plant Genome. 2019;12(3):1-9.
Rajendran P, Thayumanavan B. Purification of an alpha-amylase inhibitor from seeds of little millet (Panicum sumatrense Roth). Journal of Plant Biochemistry and Biotechnology. 2000;9(2):89-94.
Usha B, Veni GK, Kumar DM, Hemalatha KPJ. Partial characterization of α-amylase from germinating little millets (Panicum sumatrense). Journal of Phytology. 2011;3(1):1-8.
Sindumathi G, Malathi D. Development of traditional based sweet recipes from little millet. In National seminar on emerging trends in processing and value addition of small millets, Madurai. Post Harvest Technology Centre, TNAU, Coimbatore and DHAN Foundation, Madurai. 2017;65.
Chandrasekara A, Shahidi F. Content of insoluble bound phenolics in millets and their contribution to antioxidant capacity. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. 2010;58(11):6706-6714.
Saleh ASM, Zhang Q, Chen J, Shen Q. Millet grains: Nutritional quality, processing, and potential health benefits. Comprehensive Reviews in Food Science and Food Safety. 2013;12(3):281-295.
Kumar A, Tomer V, Kaur A, Kumar V, Gupta K. Millets: A solution to agrarian and nutritional challenges. Agriculture and Food Security. 2018;7(1):31.
Yenagi NB, Handigol JA, Ravi SB, Mal B, Padulosi S. Nutritional and technological advancements in the promotion of ethnic and novel foods using the genetic diversity of minor millets in India. Indian Journal of Plant Genetic Resources. 2010;23(1):82-86.
Mannuramath M, Yenagi N, Orsat V. Quality evaluation of little millet (Panicum miliare) incorporated functional bread. 2015;52(12):8357-8363.
Meilgaard M, Civille GV, Carr BT. Sensory Evaluation Techniques (3rd Edition), CRC Press, Boca Raton; 1999.
Snedecor GW, Cochran WG. Statistical methods. Oxford and IBH Publishing Company, New Delhi; 1983.